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 The strategic importance

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kosovohp
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PostSubject: The strategic importance   Mon 29 Nov 2010, 12:33

The strategic importance of Eritrea, due to its Red Sea coastline and mineral resources, was the main cause for the federation with Ethiopia, which in turn led to Eritrea's annexation as Ethiopia's 14th province in 1952. This was the culmination of a gradual process of takeover by the Ethiopian authorities, a process which included a 1959 edict establishing the compulsory teaching of Amharic, the main language of Ethiopia, in all Eritrean schools. The lack of regard for the Eritrean population led to the formation of an independence movement in the early 1960s (1961), which erupted into a 30-year war against successive Ethiopian governments that ended in 1991. Following a UN-supervised referendum in Eritrea (dubbed UNOVER) in which the Eritrean people overwhelmingly voted for independence, Eritrea declared its independence and gained international recognition in 1993.[10]

The de facto predominant languages are Tigrinya, which belongs to the Semitic linguistic branch, and Arabic. English is used in the government's international communication and is the language of instruction in all formal education beyond the fifth grade.[11]

Eritrea is a single-party state. Though its constitution, adopted in 1997, stipulates that the state is a presidential republic with a unicameral parliamentary democracy, it has yet to be implemented. In 1998 a border dispute with Ethiopia led to the Eritrean-Ethiopian War. The war resulted in the death of about 100,000 Ethiopians and Eritreans.[12] The total number of Eritrean refugees who have crossed to Ethiopia through August 31, 2010 is 51,718 and those remaining in the country are now located in five refugee camps: three in Tigray and two in Afar Region. On average, 1,800 cross the border from Eritrea each month. About 45% have been ex-Eritrean soldiers. The relocation of Eritrean refugees to third countries is still continuing. According to the Ethiopian Administration for Refugee and Returnee Affairs (ARRA), 5,822 Eritrean refugees were relocated to third countries between 2006 and 2009

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lunamoonfang
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PostSubject: Re: The strategic importance   Sat 04 Dec 2010, 07:17

Eritrea is a single-party state. Though its constitution, adopted in 1997, stipulates that the state is a presidential republic with a unicameral parliamentary democracy, it has yet to be implemented. In 1998 a border dispute with Ethiopia led to the Eritrean-Ethiopian War. The war resulted in the death of about 100,000 Ethiopians and Eritreans.[12] The total number of Eritrean refugees who have crossed to Ethiopia through August 31, 2010 is 51,718 and those remaining in the country are now located in five refugee camps: three in Tigray and two in Afar Region. On average, 1,800 cross the border from Eritrea each month. About 45% have been ex-Eritrean soldiers. The relocation of Eritrean refugees to third countries is still continuing. According to the Ethiopian Administration for Refugee and Returnee Affairs (ARRA), 5,822 Eritrean refugees were relocated to third countries between 2006 and 2009
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